Morocco is one of the top four countries in the world recognized as a model for the environment due to its commitment to achieve the objectives of the COP21 (2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference) .
According to a study conducted by Climate Action Tracker as part of the COP21 being held in Paris between November 30 and December 11, Morocco, along with Bhutan, Ethiopia and Costa Rica earned the classification as the greenest countries in the world.
Morocco, the host country of the 2016 COP22, came fourth in the ranking of the greenest countries worldwide. The North African country plans to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 13 percent by 2030, according to the CAT.
“With sufficient international support, Morocco would decrease emissions further, by 32% below BAU by 2030 (or to four times its 1990 levels). Whilst Morocco’s unconditional INDC begins to slow the growth of emissions, Morocco proposes to go much further if financial support is provided: to stop its emissions growth and implement an ambitious target of 42% renewable electricity generation by 2020. Based on these targets, we rate Morocco “Sufficient,” the study said.
“The “sufficient” rating indicates that both Morocco’s unconditional and conditional targets are at the more ambitious end of its fair contribution. This means Morocco is doing its “fair share” of global efforts to hold warming below 2°C,” it added.
Morocco will also host the largest solar plant in the world in Ouarzazate by 2020. This plant aims to provide nearly half of electricity production in the country.
According the results, Bhutan, a country of merely 750,000 people in southern Asia, ranked first in terms of climate commitment, becoming the “role model” country.
Costa Rica, “country of ‘pura vida”in Central America, ranked second due to its efficient work towards biodiversity. Costa Rica hosts 6 percent of the world’s biodiversity.
Ethiopia, which ranked third, plans to use renewable energy in the form of water and wind to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 64 percent by 2030.
Morocco has been planning its ecological works since 1992, but “it waited until 2011 to anchor the principle of sustainable development and protection of natural resources in its new constitution,” the report said.
“Morocco is doing its fair share of global efforts to contain global warming below 2 ° C”, the survey concluded.